Question: How Common Is Nail Melanoma?

What does melanoma look like on your toe?

Aside from looking like a changing mole, a melanoma on the foot can appear as a: Brown or black vertical line under a toenail.

Pinkish-red spot or growth.

New spot or growth where you injured your foot..

What does early stage melanoma look like?

This nonmelanoma skin cancer may appear as a firm red nodule, a scaly growth that bleeds or develops a crust, or a sore that doesn’t heal. It most often occurs on the nose, forehead, ears, lower lip, hands, and other sun-exposed areas of the body.

Is nail melanoma rare?

Subungual melanoma or melanotic whitlow is a relatively rare disease with a reported incidence between 0.7% and 3.5% of all melanoma cases in the general population.

How common is Subungual melanoma?

It’s rare, but “subungual melanoma” (melanoma of the nails) accounts for approximately 2% of all melanoma cases.

How aggressive is Subungual melanoma?

The key points to remember for subungual melanoma are: It has the same histopathological process as cutaneous malignant melanoma. Some studies suggest it is more aggressive than cutaneous malignant melanoma, but this is likely to be due to late presentation.

What causes black lines in fingernails?

Another cause of black lines on the nails is a splinter hemorrhage, which occurs when blood vessels under the fingernail are damaged, often due to injuries, such as hitting. More seriously, a black line or lines on the nails can indicate the presence of melanoma, a dangerous form of skin cancer.

How does nail melanoma start?

However, subungual melanoma isn’t usually caused by the sun. Most cases seem to be caused by injury or trauma. It also tends to affect middle-aged and older adults with darker skin. Additionally, subungual melanoma is more prevalent in the nails of your thumbs and big toes.

Does nail melanoma hurt?

However, in up to half of all cases, subungual melanoma is amelanotic (not pigmented). Ungual melanoma can form a nodule under the nail plate, lifting it (onycholysis). It may sometimes look like a wart (verrucous). It is usually painless, but an advanced tumour invading underlying bone may cause severe pain.

How do I know if melanoma has spread?

If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have: Hardened lumps under your skin. Swollen or painful lymph nodes. Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.

Can melanoma be cured?

Melanoma treatment can often remove the cancer. Caught early, the disease has a nearly 100 percent cure rate. But melanoma can come back.

Is nail melanoma curable?

As a general rule, the outlook for subungual melanoma is poorer than other melanoma types, as there is often a delay in diagnosis. The 5-year survival rate for subungual melanoma can vary greatly, from 16 to 87 percent, depending upon how extensively the cancer has spread.

Is Subungual melanoma deadly?

Subungual melanoma is uncommon. It accounts for only 0.7 percent to 3.5 percent of all malignant melanomas worldwide. This form of melanoma occurs in all racial groups, with 30 to 40 percent of cases appearing in non-white people. Subungual melanoma is rare, but it is deadly if left untreated.

How long does it take for melanoma to spread?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun.

Can Subungual melanoma be benign?

Subungual pigmentation can have benign and malignant etiologies. A common and important differential diagnosis is between subungual hematoma and subungual melanoma [1]. The distinction can be difficult even with a dermoscope.

Can you have stage 4 melanoma and not know it?

Sometimes the symptoms for stage 4 melanoma may not appear for many years after the original tumor was removed. Talk to your doctor if you’re feeling new pains and aches or symptoms. They’ll be able to help diagnose the cause and recommend treatment options.

Where does Melanoma usually start?

Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.

What do black lines in fingernails mean?

A narrow black line that has formed vertically underneath your nail is called a splinter hemorrhage. It occurs for a variety of reasons and may be harmless or a sign of a more serious health condition. This condition is called a splinter hemorrhage because it may look like a wood splinter under your nail.

What deficiency causes black lines on nails?

According to research published in The Journal of Family Practice in 2012, vitamin B12 deficiency can affect nails by turning them entirely blue, or causing blueish-black pigment with “wavy longitudinal dark streaks, brownish network like pigmentation and longitudinal darkened streaks”.